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December 21, 2010 / jmeuropeana

Today in Europeana: 21 December

On the 21st of December –

start of the Challenger expedition; the recipient of the first human heart transplant dies in Capetown; Gustave Kahn is born.

In 1872 the Challenger left the harbour of Portsmouth on what became known as The Challenger expedition, which is generally considered the birth of modern oceanography. It discovered over 4000 reviously unknown species of marine life.

Of course Europeana has Volume 2 as well, and a host of other results from the expedition.

After living with the new heart for 18 days, Louis Washkansky, the recipient of the first human heart transplant, dies in the Groote Schuur hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Doctor Barnard performed the surgery.
‘Dr. Barnard’ later became the inspiration for the Dutch song classic ‘Dr. Bernhard’ by Bonnie St. Claire and Ron Brandsteder. Not yet in Europeana, but avaliable on Youtube.

French poet Gustave Kahn is born in Metz in 1859. He died in 1936. He claimed to be the inventor of the free verse or vers libre.
Chansons d'amant / Gustave Kahn


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