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January 4, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Today in Europeana: 4 January

On the 4th of January:

The Fabian Society is founded; Wat Tyler is born; Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau is born.

British socialist movement The Fabian Society was founded in London in 1884. It still exists as one of the fifteen constituents of the Labour Party in Britain.
The rural problem, by Henry D. Harben.

To remain in the realm of peasant and socialist movements, in 1345 Wat Tyler was born, later to become the leader of a big peasant uprising. The page below from the English Chronicles details his and his fellow insurgent’s actions.
King Edward III, in the 'English Chronicles' ('Chronicon Angliae'), of Thomas of Walsingham
Wat-Tyler, ou Dix jours de révolte. Tome 1 / , roman historique, par A.-J.-B. Defauconpret,...

Another revolutionary: in 1737 Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau was born in Dijon. He was a French chemist and politician. He was a well-respected chemist, with works such as ‘Encyclopedie Methodique’:
Encyclopédie Méthodique, Ou Par Ordre De Matieres / [13],1 : Chymie, Pharmacie Et Métallurgie ; T. 1
And he was a respected revolutionary politician, briefly the president of the Revolutionary Assemblee. From that period is the following publication:
Opinion de M. L. B. Guyton, concernant la retenue des impositions sur les intérêts des capitaux liquidés ([Reprod.]) / impr. par ordre de l'Assemblée nationale
Great thumbnail by the way: it is a microfiche size and sharpness gauge 🙂

An example of how to combine the two trades is this pamphlet ‘Death to tyrants’, which describes how revolutionaries can produce salpeter for the production fo gunpowder for bombs and cannon.
Mort aux tyrans : programmes des cours révolutionnaires sur la fabrication des salpêtres, des poudres et des canons : faits à Paris, par ordre du Comité de salut public, dans l'amphithéâtre du Muséum d'histoire naturelle... ([Reprod.]) / par les citoyens Guyton, Fourcroy, Bertholet... [et al.]

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