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January 9, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Today in Europeana: 9 January

On the 9th of January –

Philip Astley stages the first mordern circus; Giovanni Papini is born; last Allied troops evacuate Gallipoli.

In 1769 Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in ‘Astley’s Amphitheatre’, it ran until 1893:
Astley's Amphitheatre, Westminster Bridge Road, Lambeth
Astley's Royal Amphitheatre, Lambeth: Handbill

Italian author Giovanni Papini was born in 1881 in Borgo degli Albizi.
busto maschile in giacca e cravatta
Here he is in a video after receiving a literary prize in 1954:
This is curious because he was largely discredited after WWII, having supported the facsists.

In 1916 the last of the Allied forces evacuate Gallipoli, ending one of the bloodiest and most useless slaughters of World War I, and that is saying something…
Curiously enough, the wholesale slaughter of Australian and New Zealnd soldiers at Gallipoli was used in a recruitment druive in Queensland:
Queenslanders! Your Country Calls! VADS Collection: Imperial War Museum: Posters of Conflict - The Visual Culture of Public Information and Counter Information
Just getting drinking water to the troops was a major logistic effort:
Transport d'eau aux Dardanelles [barges chargées de fûts] : [photographie de presse] / [Agence Rol]
Here is the German perspective, praising the gallant Turks:


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