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March 7, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Dead philosophers: Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas

On the 7th of March –

Greek philosopher Aristotle dies in Euboea in 322 BCE. His pilosophical writings, of which an estimated one-third survive, aim for the grand gesture, the all-encompassing: morality, natural science, physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. He was the teacher of Alexander the Great, who we have met before in this blog. After Alexander’s death he was exiled from Macedonia because he did not honour ‘the gods’ sufficiently…
Aristotele
Here is a very nice example of how throughly his works were studied:
Analytica posteriora : sine quorum peritia nemo fateri iuste audet se quippia[m] scire ; nedu[m] per tractatus, capita, et capitu[m] partes, verum per com[m]enta quoq[ue] ... studiose digesti, Accuratiori deniq[ue] castigatione, prisce sue integritati restituti
Physicorum Aristotelis libri : argumenta in singulos libros, ex optimis graecorum commentariis conversa iam recens adjecimus ([Reprod.]) / [Joan. Argyropylo,... interprete] ; [Simplicio commentaria]
This 16th century image I hope for him is allegorical:
Aristoteles und Phyllis

The 7th of March was not a good day for philosophers as it is also the day Thomas Aquinas died, in 1274 CE. To quote from wikipedia: ‘His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy was conceived as a reaction against, or as an agreement with his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law and political theory’.
Tractatus de universalibus. Daran: Thomas Aquinas, Pseudo-?: De natura generis; De propositionibus modalibus; De fallaciis. - Thomas Aquinas: De principiis naturae. - Thomas Aquinas, Pseudo-?: De natura materiae et dimensionibus interminatis; De quattuor oppositis; De principio individuationis. - Thomas Aquinas: De mixtione elementorum. - Thomas Aquinas, Pseudo-?: De natura accidentis. - Thomas Aquinas, Pseudo-: De potentiis animae. - Davor: Thomas Aquinas: De modo studendi
Heiliger Thomas von Aquin

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