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December 10, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Dutch Marine Corps founded

On the 10th of December –

In 1665 the ‘Korps Mariniers’ (Marine Corps) was founded on the initiative of Grand Pensionary (now we would say: Prime Minister) Johan de Wit and Admiral Michiel de Ruyter.

Johan de Wit:
Johan de Wit (1625-1672), raadpensionaris van Holland

Michiel de Ruyter (not a very flattering image…)
Admiral de Ruyter ;

And some Marines:

December 9, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Barbados joins the United Nations

On the 9th of December –

In 1966 Barbados, former British colony and since 9 days a member of the Commonwealth, joins the United Nations.

Here is some Barbados-related material in Europeana:

December 8, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Top 10 most viewed Europeana objects for November

So, the time has come to see whether the changes we have made to the Europeana portal and the mechanisms we have there of featuring items have indeed had an effect on what the most viewed objects in Europeana are. November was the first whole month after the changes, so this data should be relatively reliable.

1. A Romanian apple cider press (facebook share)
Teasc pentru must de mere

2. A German theological book from 1752 (facebook share)
Die Verdienste der Stadt Nürnberg um den Catechismum Lutheri oder nürnbergische Catechismus- und Kinderlehren-Historie : nebst denen dahin gehörigen Beilagen

3. Czech-Gipsy and Gipsy-Czech dictionary
Slovník česko-cikánský a cikánsko-český jakož i cikánsko-české pohádky a povídky

4. a London city map (used as an example on, our Linked Open Data pilot)
the Cittie of London 31

5. Dante’s Divine Comedy (featured object on
The Divine Comedy;Divina Commedia di Dante Alighieri

6. a bookbinding for Emperor Charles V (featured object on
Bookbinding for Emperor Charles V

7. The musical score to Mozart’s Requiem (featured object on
Requiem KV 626

8. Rembrandt’s picture of an old woman (probably his mother) reading (featured object on
Een oude vrouw, waarschijnlijk Rembrandts moeder, Neeltgen Willemsdr van Zuydtbroeck (gest 1640), vermoedelijk voorgesteld als de profetes Anna

9. A late 16th century mediacal text by Pierandrea Matthioli (featured object on
Discorsi nelli sei libri di Pedacio Dioscoride Anazarbeo

10. an advertizing brochure for Citroen cars (featured object on, and one that I added personally – yes, I wield awesome power)

So, what can we learn from this? The best way to get ‘Most viewed object in Europeana’ is a bit of a surprise. I had expected it to be the featured objects that would be most viewed. And that is important, but easily trunmped by being shared on Facebook.
We keep learning about this stuff as we go along – which is exactly why we keep monitoring these and also valyue your input and comments.

December 8, 2011 / jmeuropeana

First actress appears on British stage

On the 8th of December –

for the first time a woman appears on the British stage. Either Margaret Hughes or Anne Marshal appears on the public stage in the role of Desdemona in Shakespeare’s Othello:

One fictional depiction of this event is the excellent movie ‘Shakespeare in Love’. Here is the trailer:

December 4, 2011 / jmeuropeana

martyrdom of Saint Barbara

On the 4th of December –

in 306 Saint Barabara is beheaded by her father for keeping true to her Christian faith. Lovely man, that.


December 3, 2011 / jmeuropeana

Jan Gruter is born

On the 3rd of December –

In 1560 Dutch scholar and librarian Jan Gruter (lat. Janus Gruterus) is born in Antwerp. He studied and worked in Cambridge, Leyden, Wittemberg, Rostock, Heidelberg . His most famous works are Inscriptiones antiquae totius orbis Romani (2 vols., Heidelberg, 1603), and Lampas, sive fax artium liberalium (7 vols., Frankfort, 1602–1634).

Janus Gruterus

Lampas siue fax artium liberalium, hoc est, Thesaurus criticus;Marcelli Donati Ponzani comitis et S. Stephani equitis commendatarii dilucidationes

December 1, 2011 / jmeuropeana

first assembly line constructed

On teh 1st of December –

in 1913 Ford Motor Company introduced the first moving assembly line. Mass production would bever be the same. Here are some assembly lines form Europeana:

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